Nastrosa 1mg film-coated tablets


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Nastrosa 1mg film-coated tablets


1. Name Of The Medicinal Product

Nastrosa 1mg film-coated tablets

2. Qualitative And Quantitative Composition

Each tablet contains 1 mg anastrozole as active substance.

Excipients: Each tablet contains 90.3 mg lactose (as lactose monohydrate).

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical Form

Film-coated tablet.

White, round, biconvex, film-coated tablets. Debossed with '1' on one side and plain on the reverse side.

4. Clinical Particulars 4.1 Therapeutic Indications

Treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women.

Efficacy has not been demonstrated in oestrogen receptor-negative patients unless they had a previous positive clinical response to tamoxifen.

4.2 Posology And Method Of Administration

Adults including the elderly:

One 1 mg tablet to be taken orally once a day.


Not recommended for use in children.

Renal impairment:

No dose change is recommended in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment.

Hepatic impairment:

No dose change is recommended in patients with mild hepatic disease.


4.3 Contraindications

Anastrozole is contraindicated in:

- premenopausal women.

- pregnant or lactating women.

- patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 20 ml / min)

- patients with moderate or severe hepatic disease

- patients with hypersensitivity to anastrozole or to any of the excipients as referenced in section 6.1.

Oestrogen-containing therapies should not be co-administered with anastrozole as they would negate its pharmacological action.

Concurrent tamoxifen therapy (see section 4.5)

4.4 Special Warnings And Precautions For Use

Anastrozole is not recommended for use in children as safety and efficacy have not been established in this group of patients.

The menopause should be defined biochemically in any patient where there is doubt about hormonal status.

There are no data to support the safe use of anastrozole in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment, or patients with severe impairment of renal function (creatinine clearance less than 20 ml/min).

Women with osteoporosis or at risk of osteoporosis, should have their bone mineral density formally assessed by bone densitometry e.g. DEXA scanning at the commencement of treatment and at regular intervals thereafter. Treatment or prophylaxis for osteoporosis should be initiated as appropriate and carefully monitored.

There are no data available for the use of anastrozole with LHRH analogues. This combination should not be used outside clinical trials.

As anastrozole lowers circulating oestrogen levels it may cause a reduction in bone mineral density. Adequate data to show the effect of bisphosphonates on bone mineral density loss caused by anastrozole, or their utility when used prophylactically, are not currently available.

This product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction With Other Medicinal Products And Other Forms Of Interaction

Anastrozole inhibited cytochrome P450 1A2, 2C8/9 and 3A4 in vitro. A clinical interaction study indicated that anastrozole at a 1 mg dose does not significantly alter the pharmacokinetics of warfarin, a CYP2C9 substrate.

No clinically significant interactions between anastrozole and bisphosphonates have been identified.

Antipyrine and cimetidine clinical interaction studies indicate that co-administration of anastrozole with other drugs is unlikely to result in clinically significant drug interactions mediated by cytochrome P450.

A review of the clinical trial safety datatbase did not reveal evidence of clinically significant interaction in patients treated with anastrozole who also received other commonly prescribed drugs.

Tamoxifen should not be co-administered with anastrozole, as this may diminish its pharmacological action (see section 4.3).

4.6 Pregnancy And Lactation

Anastrozole is contraindicated in pregnant or lactating women.


There are no data on the use of anastrozole in pregnant patients. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). The potential risk for humans is unknown. Anastrozole 1mg should not be used in pregnancy.


It is unknown whether anastrozole is excreted in human milk. Anastrozole 1mg should nor be used during breast-feeding.

4.7 Effects On Ability To Drive And Use Machines

Anastrozole is unlikely to impair the ability of patients to drive and operate machinery. However, asthenia and somnolence have been reported with the use of anastrozole and caution should be observed when driving or operating machinery while such symptoms persist.

4.8 Undesirable Effects

The assessment of the side effects is based on the following frequencies:

Very common (

Common (

Uncommon (

Rare (

Very rare (<1/10,000), not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Nervous system disorders

Common: Headache, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Uncommon: Somnolence, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Gastrointestinal disorders

Common: Nausea, mainly mild or moderate in nature, diarrhoea, mainly mild or moderate

Uncommon: Vomiting, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Common: Hair thinning, mainly mild or moderate in nature, Rash, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Very rare: Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, allergic reactions including angiooedema, urticaria and anaphylaxis

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Common: Joint pain/stiffness, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Uncommon: Anorexia, mainly mild in nature, hypercholesterolaemia, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Vascular disorders

Very common: Hot flushes, mainly mild or moderate in nature

General disorders and administration site conditions

Common: Asthenia, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Hepatobiliary disorders

Common: Increases in alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase

Uncommon: Increases in gamma-GT and bilirubin, hepatitis

Reproductive system and breast disorders

Common: Vaginal dryness, mainly mild or moderate in nature

Uncommon: Vaginal bleeding, mainly mild or moderate in nature*

*Vaginal bleeding has been reported uncommonly, mainly in patients with advanced breast cancer during the first few weeks after changing from existing hormonal therapy to treatment with anastrozole. If bleeding persists, further evaluation should be considered.

As anastrozole lowers circulating oestrogen levels, it may cause a reduction in bone mineral density placing some patients at a higher risk of fracture (see section 4.4).

Elevated gamma-GT has been reported uncommonly (

The table below presents the frequency of pre-specified adverse events in the ATAC study, irrespective of causality, reported in patients receiving trial therapy and up to 14 days after cessation of trial therapy.

Adverse effects





Hot flushes

1104 (35.7%)

1264 (40.9%)

Joint pain/stiffness

1100 (35.6%)

911 (29.4%)

Mood disturbances

597 (19.3%)

554 (17.9%)


575 (18.6%)

544 (17.6%)

Nausea and vomiting

393 (12.7%)

384 (12.4%)


315 (10.2%)

209 (6.8%)

Fractures of the spine, hip, or wrist/Colles

133 (4.3%)

91 (2.9%)

Wrist/Colles fractures

67 (2.2%)

50 (1.6%)

Spine fractures

43 (1.4%)

22 (0.7%)

Hip fractures

28 (0.9%)

26 (0.8%)


182 (5.9%)

213 (6.9%)

Vaginal bleeding

167 (5.4%)

317 (10.2%)

Ischaemic cardiovascular disease

127 (4.1%)

104 (3.4%)

Angina pectoris

71 (2.3%)

51 (1.6%)

Myocardial infarct

37 (1.2%)

34 (1.1%)

Coronary artery disorder

25 (0.8%)

23 (0.7%)

Myocardial ischaemia

22 (0.7%)

14 (0.5%)

Vaginal discharge

109 (3.5%)

408 (13.2%)

Any venous thromboembolic event

87 (2.8%)

140 (4.5%)

Deep venous thromboembolic events including PE

48 (1.6%)

74 (2.4%)

Ischaemic cerebrovascular events

62 (2.0%)

88 (2.8%)

Endometrial cancer

4 (0.2%)

13 (0.6%)

Fracture rates of 22 per 1000 patient-years and 15 per 1000 patient-years were observed for the anastrozole and tamoxifen groups, respectively, after a median follow-up of 68 months. The observed fracture rate for anastrozole is similar to the range reported in age-matched postmenopausal populations. It has not been determined whether the rates of fracture and osteoporosis seen in ATAC in patients on anastrozole treatment reflect a protective effect of tamoxifen, a specific effect of anastrozole, or both. The incidence of osteoporosis was 10.5% in patients treated with anastrozole and 7.3% in patients treated with tamoxifen.

4.9 Overdose

There is limited clinical experience of accidental overdosage. In animal studies, anastrozole demonstrated low acute toxicity. Clinical trials have been conducted with various dosages of anastrozole, up to 60 mg in a single dose given to healthy male volunteers and up to 10 mg daily given to postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer; these dosages were well tolerated. A single dose of anastrozole that results in life-threatening symptoms has not been established. There is no specific antidote to overdosage and treatment must be symptomatic.

In the management of an overdose, consideration should be given to the possibility that multiple agents may have been taken. Vomiting may be induced if the patient is alert. Dialysis may be helpful because anastrozole is not highly protein bound. General supportive care, including frequent monitoring of vital signs and close observation of the patient, is indicated.

5. Pharmacological Properties 5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents – Endocrine therapy – Hormone antagonists and related agents – Enzyme inhibitors.

ATC code: L02B G03

Anastrozole is a potent and highly selective non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor. In postmenopausal women, estradiol is produced primarily from the conversion of androstenedione to estrone through the aromatase enzyme complex in peripheral tissues. Estrone is subsequently converted to estradiol. Reducing circulating estradiol levels has been shown to produce a beneficial effect in women with breast cancer. In postmenopausal women, anastrozole at a daily dose of 1 mg produced estradiol suppression of greater than 80% using a highly sensitive assay.

Anastrozole does not possess any progestogenic, androgenic or oestrogenic activity. Daily doses of anastrozole up to 10 mg do not have any effect on cortisol or aldosterone secretion, measured before or after standard ACTH challenge testing. Corticoid supplements are therefore not needed.

An extensive phase III clinical study programme showed that anastrozole is an effective treatment of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer in post menopausal women.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties

Absorption of anastrozole is rapid and maximum plasma concentrations typically occur within two hours of dosing (under fasted conditions). Anastrozole is eliminated slowly with a plasma elimination half-life of 40 to 50 hours. Food slightly decreases the rate but not the extent of absorption. The small change in the rate of absorption is not expected to result in a clinically significant effect on steady-state plasma concentrations during once daily dosing of anastrozole. Approximately 90 to 95% of plasma anastrozole steady-state concentrations are attained after 7 daily doses. There is no evidence of time or dose-dependency of anastrozole pharmacokinetic parameters.

Anastrozole pharmacokinetics are independent of age in postmenopausal women.

Pharmacokinetics have not been studied in children.

Anastrozole is only 40% bound to plasma proteins.

Anastrozole is extensively metabolised by postmenopausal women with less than 10% of the dose excreted in the urine unchanged within 72 hours of dosing. Metabolism of anastrozole occurs by N-dealkylation, hydroxylation and glucuronidation. The metabolites are excreted primarily via the urine. Triazole, the major metabolite in plasma, does not inhibit aromatase.

The apparent oral clearance of anastrozole in volunteers with stable hepatic cirrhosis or renal impairment was in the range observed in healthy volunteers.

5.3 Preclinical Safety Data

Acute toxicity

In acute toxicity studies in rodents, the median lethal dose of anastrozole was greater than 100 mg/kg/day by the oral route and greater than 50 mg/kg/day by the intraperitoneal route. In an oral acute toxicity study in the dog, the median lethal dose was greater than 45 mg/kg/day.

Chronic toxicity

Multiple dose toxicity studies utilized rats and dogs. No no-effect levels were established for anastrozole in the toxicity studies, but those effects that were observed at the low doses (1 mg/kg/day) and mid doses (dog 3 mg/kg/day; rat 5 mg/kg/day) were related to either the pharmacological or enzyme-inducing properties of anastrozole and were unaccompanied by significant toxic or degenerative changes.


Genetic toxicology studies with anastrozole show that it is not a mutagen or a clastogen.

Reproductive toxicology

Oral administration of anastrozole to female rats produced a high incidence of infertility at 1 mg/kg/day and increased pre-implantation loss at 0.02 mg/kg/day. These effects occurred at clinically relevant doses. An effect in man cannot be excluded. These effects were related to the pharmacology of the compound and were completely reversed after a 5-week compound withdrawal period.

Oral administration of anastrozole to pregnant rats and rabbits caused no teratogenic effects at doses up to 1.0 and 0.2 mg/kg/day respectively. Those effects that were seen (placental enlargement in rats and pregnancy failure in rabbits) were related to the pharmacology of the compound.

The survival of litters born to rats given anastrozole at 0.02 mg/kg/day and above (from day 17 of pregnancy to day 22 post-partum) was compromised. These effects were related to the pharmacological effects of the compound on parturition. There were no adverse effects on behaviour or reproductive performance of the first generation offspring attributable to maternal treatment with anastrozole.


A two year rat oncogenicity study resulted in an increase in incidence of hepatic neoplasms and uterine stromal polyps in females and thyroid adenomas in males at the high dose (25 mg/kg/day) only. These changes occurred at a dose which represents 100-fold greater exposure than occurs at human therapeutic doses, and are considered not to be clinically relevant to the treatment of patients with anastrozole.

A two year mouse oncogenicity study resulted in the induction of benign ovarian tumours and a disturbance in the incidence of lymphoreticular neoplasms (fewer histiocytic sarcomas in females and more deaths as a result of lymphomas). These changes are considered to be mouse-specific effects of aromatase inhibition and not clinically relevant to the treatment of patients with anastrozole.

6. Pharmaceutical Particulars 6.1 List Of Excipients

Tablet core:

Lactose monohydrate

Sodium starch glycolate (Type A)

Magnesium stearate

Film coating:

Opadry II white 85F18422 consisting of

Poly (vinyl alcohol) –partially hydrolysed

Titanium dioxide

Macrogol 3350


6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf Life

2 years

6.4 Special Precautions For Storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions

6.5 Nature And Contents Of Container

PVC/PVDC aluminium blisters.

Pack sizes :

20, 28, 30. 84, 98, 100 and 300 film-coated tablets

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special Precautions For Disposal And Other Handling

No special requirements.

7. Marketing Authorisation Holder

Niche Generics Limited,

1 The Cam Centre,

Wilbury Way,



SG4 0TW,

United Kingdom.

8. Marketing Authorisation Number(S)

PL 19611/0157.

9. Date Of First Authorisation/Renewal Of The Authorisation

3rd December 2009.

10. Date Of Revision Of The Text

January 2011

Nastrosa 1mg film coated tablets

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